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Community-Driven Multiple Use Water Services: Lessons Learned by the Rural Village Water Resources Management Project in Nepal

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Rautanen, Sanna-Leena; van Koppen, Barbara; Wagle, Narayan
Journal: Water Alternatives
Volume: 7
Page(s): 160-177
Date: 2014
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9281
Sector: Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): local governance and politics
Abstract: "This article examines community-driven multiple use water services (MUS) as pioneered by the Rural Village Water Resources Management Project (RVWRMP) in the Far and Mid-Western development regions of Nepal. These regions are characterised by poverty, remoteness, rugged terrain, food insecurity, water scarcity, and post-conflict legacy. Water provision for domestic and productive uses provides opportunities to address poverty and livelihoods in environments with highly decentralised governance. This study explores the first-hand lessons learned in the RVWRMP in Nepal since 2006. This project is embedded within the local government. Key project entry points are decentralisation, participation and empowerment. This article reflects how the community-managed systems are used for multiple uses whether they were designed for it or not. It focuses on household- and community-level changes and related institution building and participatory planning through Water Use Master Plans and a Step-by-Step approach. Recommendations are made for scaling up multiple use services."

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