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Building and Sustaining Peace and Security in Multiethnic Nigeria

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Okotoni, Olu; Awotokun, Kunle
Conference: Workshop on the Ostrom Workshop 5
Location: Indiana University, Bloomington
Conf. Date: June 18-21, 2014
Date: 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9397
Sector: Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): social behavior
ethnicity
poverty
social organization
Abstract: "Since Independence in 1960, Nigeria has been inundated with series of peace and security challenges, which have risen to an unprecedented level in the last one decade. Some of the major causes among several others include tribal and ethnic affinity and allegiances, bad leadership, prolonged military rule, large scale corruption, institutional failure, poverty, religious bigotry, inequitable distribution of wealth, deplorable conditions of social and infrastructural amenities, unemployment and underemployment, unreliable security agents/institutions and porous border entry points. These have resulted in serious security threats to life and property in various parts of the country. For example, kidnapping for rituals and ransom is very common in the Eastern part of the country; armed robbery in southwestern geopolitical zone; and religious killings in the northern part of the country. The federal, state and local governments as well as nongovernmental organizations have made several efforts to address the problem with little or no results. The paper therefore discusses and analyses the various causes; examines case study episodes; assesses efforts made at addressing the problem and proposes the way forward that can assist in building and sustaining peace and security in the country."

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