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Understanding Genetic Information as a Commons: From Bioprospecting to Personalized Medicine

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dc.contributor.author Lucchi, Nicola
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-24T19:56:17Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-24T19:56:17Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9570
dc.description.abstract "In the Anglo-American legal tradition the concept of commons is linked to goods that are owned by a community and of which the same community can freely dispose. In this sense, the notion of commons identifies all the tangible and intangible resources that constitute a collective heritage of a specific community. The analysis of knowledge as a commons 'has its roots in the broad, interdisciplinary study of shared natural resources, such as water resources, forests, fisheries, and wildlife'. The exploitation of these collective resources must be regulated to prevent the overuse, depletion or extinction. This phenomenon is known as 'the tragedy of the commons' - a key metaphor coined by Garret Hardin - where individuals overuse resources because they are completely detached from the real cost . The 'tragedy of the commons' is also an allegory used to exemplify the potential struggle between the benefits of producers and consumers and the common or public good. However, contrary to the Hardins thesis, common resources can be sustainable and successfully managed by the people who use them rather than by private companies. Commonsmay in fact be vital resources for communities and nations as long as those subjects involved in their exploitation are able to define and share rules for their sustainability. So the tragedy can be avoided." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject community en_US
dc.subject knowledge en_US
dc.subject tragedy of the commons en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.title Understanding Genetic Information as a Commons: From Bioprospecting to Personalized Medicine en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Theory en_US
dc.subject.sector New Commons en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Pooled Knowledge Resources: Building Institutions for Sustainable Scientific, Cultural, and Genetic Resources Commons, 1st Thematic IASC Conference on the Knowledge Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates September 12-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium en_US

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