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The Challenges of Arctic Reindeer Herding: The Interface between Reindeer Herders Traditional Knowledge and Modern Understanding of the Ecology, Economy, Sociology and Management of Sami Reindeer Herding

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dc.contributor.author Eira, Inger Marie G. en_US
dc.contributor.author Magga, Ole Henrik en_US
dc.contributor.author Bongo, Mathis P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Sara, Mikkel Nils en_US
dc.contributor.author Mathiesen, Svein D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Oskal, Anders en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:33:23Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:33:23Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-27 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-27 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/968
dc.description.abstract "Sami reindeer herding is practiced in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. More than 20 arctic indigenous peoples, herd reindeer in the circumpolar North including 100,000 herders and about 2.5 million semi- domesticated reindeer. Sami reindeer herding represents roughly one third of the worlds reindeer herding and its traditional practices, ancient in origin, represent models sustainable of exploitation and management northern terrestrial ecosystems that is based on in generations of traditional knowledge accumulated, conserved, developed and adapted to the climatic and administrative systems of the north. "Reindeer herders in the Arctic today face global challenges related to changes in their societies, including changes in traditional land use (loss of grazing land) and climate change. Simultaneously, there are restrictions on the practice of traditional knowledge, restrictions that could either turn reindeer herders into 'lawbreakers', or could make their societies more vulnerable to the changes at hand. "This paper reports preliminary results from the IPY EALAT project which adopts a novel methodological approach in analyzing the multi- functional nature of S���¡mi reindeer herding. The EALAT project is a multidisciplinary project research and it integrates research, outreach and education. "Recognizing that the ability to adapt to change is based on the traditional and indigenous knowledge base and traditional institutions within S���¡mi reindeer herding, it is decisive that modern reindeer herding regimes recognizes this as a starting point. This article exemplifies the challenges that traditional reindeer herding faces in the interface of traditional and modern understandings of the ecology, economy, sociology and management of reindeer herding in Finnmark, Norway. These aspects will be discussed in the light of the traditional organization of reindeer herding, the traditional handling of reindeer, animal welfare, slaughtering and food production and the knowledge base surrounding the livelihood. It is critical to empower indigenous peoples with the best technologies available that can be combined with indigenous knowledge for advancing the development of sustainable development of reindeer herding. It is essential therefore that education and management institutions are transformed in order that they are able to use and understand reindeer herders traditional knowledge." en_US
dc.subject indigenous knowledge en_US
dc.subject herders en_US
dc.subject wildlife en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject Sámi (European people) en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title The Challenges of Arctic Reindeer Herding: The Interface between Reindeer Herders Traditional Knowledge and Modern Understanding of the Ecology, Economy, Sociology and Management of Sami Reindeer Herding en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.region Former Soviet Union en_US
dc.coverage.country Norway Finland Sweden Russia en_US
dc.subject.sector Wildlife en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth July en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US
dc.submitter.email elsa_jin@yahoo.com en_US

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