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The Driving Forces Behind Collective Action in a Community in the Lower Amazon (Santarem, state of Para, Brazil)

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dc.contributor.author Futemma, Celia en_US
dc.contributor.author de Castro, Fábio en_US
dc.contributor.author Silva-Forsberg, Maria Clara en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:33:30Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:33:30Z
dc.date.issued 1998 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/984
dc.description.abstract "Studies on local management of common-pool resources (CPRs) usually emphasize analysis at the community level. However, empirical data have shown that the fact of considering community as a homogenous social group overlooks important social dynamics among actors which may lead to different outcomes (Schlager and Blomquist 1998). The analysis of local and external factors which affect individual's incentives may uncover such heterogeneities within a community. Edwards and Steins (1998) argue that such contextual factors are crucial to reveal 'hidden' factors that may affect collective decisions. Factors such as governmental policy (at the regional level), and household structure and ecological features (at the local level) may affect the opportunities and constraints to use a given resource. "Perhaps the main difficulty in identifying the primary driving forces to join a collective action is because most studies of successful collective action have focused on groups who organized themselves at a time substantially prior to the fieldwork conducted by the researcher (Bromley et al. 1992; McCay and Acheson 1990; Netting 1973; Ostrom 1992a; Wade 1988). In this regard, the analysis of a collective action in formation may provide information which better reveals the driving forces behind individuals' decisions concerning natural resources. It may, for example, reveal if the reason of a collective action is conservation, or if it is embedded in a 'hidden' agenda that is not directly related to the managed system (Steins 1997). Likewise, it may explain why some individuals are more prone to participate than others (Gibson and Koontz 1997). "The study analyzes a collective action that recently took place in a traditional riparian community in the Lower Amazon. The settlement is located between the floodplain and upland ecosystems, but only one-third of the residents joined a common property of the floodplain area. This paper tries to answer two questions: 1) why have only one-third of the households initiated collective action in the floodplain forest? and 2) how is the collective action in the floodplain related to the upland ecosystem?" en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject village organization en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.subject collaboration en_US
dc.subject CIPEC en_US
dc.title The Driving Forces Behind Collective Action in a Community in the Lower Amazon (Santarem, state of Para, Brazil) en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Brazil
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Crossing Boundaries, the Seventh Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 10-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Vancouver, BC, Canada en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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