Image Database Export Citations


Impacts of Institutional Changes and MPA Management to Indigenous Peoples' Livelihoods and Food Security in Southern Brazil

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author de Paula, Gabriela Silva
dc.contributor.author Medeiros, Rodrigo P.
dc.contributor.author Trimble, Micaela
dc.date.accessioned 2015-08-11T17:59:38Z
dc.date.available 2015-08-11T17:59:38Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9853
dc.description.abstract "Despite their relevance for biodiversity conservation, marine protected areas (MPAs) cause social impacts, such as loss of livelihood diversity. We evaluated how institutional changes related to fisheries and MPA management affected the livelihoods and food security of isolated and traditional fishing communities (the Caiçaras) in Parana, Southern Brazil. This study was conducted in collaboration with a fishing community (Almeida Island Village, Paranagua Bay) and the Brazilian Protected Area management agency (ICMBio), in order to support the development of strategies to alleviate the conflicts between the two. Data were collected between March and October 2014 through semi-structured surveys with 80 households (95% of total households), and three participatory workshops. Fishing is the main source of income and protein for all households. The swamp ghost crab (Ucides cordatus), captured with handcrafted traps, is the main target species. The harvest season lasts only for four months (austral summer) but represents the major source of revenue for the community. Almost all of the household members work in the fishery. Fishing grounds have been reduced since the creation of three MPAs in the 1980s and the expansion of port industries. All mangrove areas, where most of the fishing occurs, have become no-take zones. Fishers also consider the crab closed season and the fishing gear restrictions as a misfit with the local ecosystem dynamics. Compliance of these rules is low; fishers take the risk of being caught by surveillance agencies. Centralized institutional changes restricting fishing activities have caused the abandonment of traditional practices and a high dependency on social programs and government subsides. The loss of livelihood diversity in isolated and fishery-dependent communities can accelerate food insecurity and poverty traps, while also creating a long-term loss of ecological knowledge about mangroves. Our partnership with fishing communities and ICMBio provides some lessons to strengthen the science-practice-policy interface of fisheries and MPA management, taking into consideration the livelihoods of traditional peoples and their interconnection with the ecosystem dynamics." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject conservation en_US
dc.subject crab en_US
dc.subject fisheries en_US
dc.subject mangroves en_US
dc.title Impacts of Institutional Changes and MPA Management to Indigenous Peoples' Livelihoods and Food Security in Southern Brazil en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Brazil en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Commons Amidst Complexity and Change, the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 25-29 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Edmonton, Alberta en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Paula_Gabriela_ ... oples_livelihoods_May1.pdf 564.9Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record