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Journal Article
Enhancing Canadian Blackberries Production in New Brunswick through Climate-Smart Agriculture
(2024) University, Usman
This research paper focuses on the integration of digital technologies in Canadian Triple Crown blackberry production in New Brunswick to enhance productivity and adapt traditional farming practices to changing climate conditions. Drawing insights from recent studies such as "Application of digital technologies for ensuring agricultural productivity" and "Research and Innovation in Agriculture NBER," this paper explores the impact of innovation, research, and policies on agricultural advancements locally and globally. The specific innovative aspect highlighted is the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in precision agriculture to optimize crop management and resource allocation. The research methodology includes a systematic literature review of articles focusing on digital technologies in agriculture, with a particular emphasis on AI applications, tailored to the unique climate challenges faced by Canadian berry producers.
Journal Article
Climate-Smart Livestock Breeding: A Study of Holstein-Friesian Cattle in Canada and Pakistan
(2024) Vair, Maryam
Climate change poses significant challenges to livestock production worldwide, necessitating the adoption of climate-smart breeding practices to enhance the resilience of livestock populations. This study investigates climate-smart breeding practices in Holstein-Friesian cattle, a widely used breed in dairy production, in both Canada and Pakistan. This research aims to assess the current status of climate-smart breeding initiatives and their effectiveness in improving the resilience of Holstein-Friesian cattle to climate variability in these two contrasting environments. Methodologically, a Qualitative approach is employed, combining quantitative analysis of breeding data with qualitative analysis of articles, books, and lab data. The finding of the study showed that Canada places a strong emphasis on genomic technologies and advanced cross-breeding, producing robust Holsteins with great milk production. The findings of the study showed that the surrounding atmosphere has an immense impact on the productivity of the Holstein Friesian. Pakistan's inadequate infrastructure and resources make it difficult to carry out such efforts. Despite this, indigenous knowledge and customary breeding techniques have the potential to increase climate resistance. Although it depends on animal breeding, Pakistan's agriculture industry faces low productivity because of managerial problems. Cooperation between the two countries could improve knowledge sharing and increase Holstein cattle's ability to withstand climatic change. The study contributes to understanding the climate-smart breeding practice and highlights the significance of collaboration to enhance livestock production.
Journal Article
Conservational Strategies: A Study of Red Mulberry (Morus Rubra)
(2024) Al-Bazik, Amanet
Red mulberry (Morus rubra) cultivation in Canada confronts multifaceted challenges, including habitat loss, climate variability, and intensification of agricultural practices, which collectively jeopardize its population and genetic diversity. This study investigates the conservation strategies employed for the protection and recovery of red mulberry populations across Canada. Through a comprehensive analysis of existing recovery plans, management initiatives, and research efforts, this research aims to assess the effectiveness of current conservation practices and identify areas for improvement. The research adopted qualitative methods i.e. descriptive and analytical methods are used for the synthesis of the literature review. For analysis, the content analysis method is applied. The research highlights the significance of long-term monitoring programs to track population trends, assess the success of conservation interventions, and adapt management strategies accordingly. The research endeavours to promote the sustainable conservation of this ecologically and culturally valuable species, ensuring its persistence for future generations.
Journal Article
SOCIAL-CULTURAL STIGMAS AND ENCOUNTERS FACED BY ‘STILL UNMARRIED’ WOMEN AND THEIR FAMILIES
(2023) Bukhari, Nayab
Marriage is an important institution of human society that binds two humans socially, morally, and religiously. Due to recent trends and transformations in society, most women do not prefer to get married or are not eligible to get married as per various socio-cultural norms and demands. This research is focused on the issues single women face — from social unacceptability to finding accommodation to finding places to interact safely with each other which — are not being addressed by society or the state. The purpose of the study was to explore women’s experiences of being stigmatized by society as leftover and to find out sociocultural constraints faced by still unmarried women and their families. In this regard, the sample of 10 still unmarried women aged 35 and above was selected by using the snowball sampling technique for conducting in-depth interviews. For thematic analysis, it was concluded that still unmarried girls are not only facing problems by themselves but their families too are faced with various social pressures Theoretical considerations of social, economic, and demographic factors promoting delayed marriage. All this requires an identity shift to reframe single as a positive social identity which begins by raising awareness about singlism. The findings of this study may promote positive social change by raising awareness about singlism.
Journal Article
THE BRITISH POLITICAL & DIPLOMATIC POLICY REGARDING PUNJAB-BALOCHISTAN BORDER
(2023) Abbasi, Abid Hussain; Jaffar, Saad
With the beginning of the great game, the British government felt a threat from the northwest border and decided to cross the Indus in 1839 and reach Kabul. With the death of Ranjeet Singh colonial government also occupied Sindh in 1843. In Punjab, the Sikh government lasted its breath. The British government decided to take over Punjab. So the British won the First Sikh War and similarly won the Second Sikh War and annexed Punjab to the British Government. In Dera Ghazi Khan, the British government faced stiff resistance from the Baloch tribes. The English army used artillery in war with the tribes. The British government tried to control the Baloch tribes by force but failed and the advance towards Balochistan slowed down. In these circumstances, the government took care of administrative matters through various policies. The advance towards Balochistan was stopped and the closed border policy was implemented, but later Sandeman negotiated with the tribes and subdued them first under the reconciliation policy and then under the principle of divide and rule by introducing the Tamandari system and subordinating them to the Tamandars. Implemented to make the forward policy successful. Sandeman's policy was successful and British rule extended to Balochistan. The English government confined the people in grip through Tamandars, as well as administratively Deputy Commissioners, Revenue Officers, Collectors, and Patwaris. And his strategy to go beyond the Punjab-Baluchistan border was successful. Sandeman proved that the state could be extended not only by force but also by diplomatic policy and his conciliatory policy was well received. This research article explains and highlights the strategies and policies adopted regarding expanding British rule from Punjab to Balochistan.