Lost in Development's Shadow: The Downstream Human Consequences of Dams

dc.contributor.authorRichter, Brian D.
dc.contributor.authorPostel, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorRevenga, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorScudder, Thayer
dc.contributor.authorLehner, Bernhard
dc.contributor.authorChurchill, Allegra
dc.contributor.authorChow, Morgan
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-21T20:20:15Z
dc.date.available2010-12-21T20:20:15Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.description.abstract"The World Commission on Dams (WCD) report documented a number of social and environmental problems observed in dam development projects. The WCD gave particular emphasis to the challenges of properly resettling populations physically displaced by dams, and estimated the total number of people directly displaced at 40-80 million. Less attention has been given, however, to populations living downstream of dams whose livelihoods have been affected by dam-induced alterations of river flows. By substantially changing natural flow patterns and blocking movements of fish and other animals, large dams can severely disrupt natural riverine production systems – especially fisheries, flood-recession agriculture and dry-season grazing. We offer here the first global estimate of the number of river-dependent people potentially affected by dam-induced changes in river flows and other ecosystem conditions. Our conservative estimate of 472 million river-dependent people living downstream of large dams along impacted river reaches lends urgency to the need for more comprehensive assessments of dam costs and benefits, as well as to the social inequities between dam beneficiaries and those potentially disadvantaged by dam projects. We conclude with three key steps in dam development processes that could substantially alleviate the damaging downstream impacts of dams."en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournalWater Alternativesen_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber2en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages14-42en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume3en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10535/6634
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.subjectdamsen_US
dc.subjectriversen_US
dc.subjectpoverty alleviationen_US
dc.subjectfisheriesen_US
dc.subjectflood managementen_US
dc.subjectagricultureen_US
dc.subjectfood supplyen_US
dc.subjectwater resourcesen_US
dc.subjectenvironmental servicesen_US
dc.subject.sectorWater Resource & Irrigationen_US
dc.titleLost in Development's Shadow: The Downstream Human Consequences of Damsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.type.methodologyCase Studyen_US
dc.type.publishedpublisheden_US

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