A Climate-change Adaptation Framework to Reduce Continental-scale Vulnerability across Conservation Reserves

dc.contributor.authorMagness, Dawn R.
dc.contributor.authorMorton, John
dc.contributor.authorHuettmann, Falk
dc.contributor.authorChapin, F. Stuart
dc.contributor.authorMcGuire, A. David
dc.coverage.countryUnited Statesen_US
dc.coverage.regionNorth Americaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-30T16:03:52Z
dc.date.available2012-08-30T16:03:52Z
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.description.abstract"Rapid climate change, in conjunction with other anthropogenic drivers, has the potential to cause mass species extinction. To minimize this risk, conservation reserves need to be coordinated at multiple spatial scales because the climate envelopes of many species may shift rapidly across large geographic areas. In addition, novel species assemblages and ecological reorganization make future conditions uncertain. We used a GIS analysis to assess the vulnerability of 501 reserve units in the National Wildlife Refuge System as a basis for a nationally coordinated response to climate change adaptation. We used measures of climate change exposure (historic rate of temperature change), sensitivity (biome edge and critical habitat for threatened and endangered species), and adaptive capacity (elevation range, latitude range, watershed road density, and watershed protection) to evaluate refuge vulnerability. The vulnerability of individual refuges varied spatially within and among biomes. We suggest that the spatial variability in vulnerability be used to define suites of management approaches that capitalize on local conditions to facilitate adaptation and spread risk across the reserve network. We conceptually define four divergent management strategies to facilitate adaption: refugia, ecosystem maintenance, 'natural' adaptation, and facilitated transitions. Furthermore, we recognize that adaptation approaches can use historic (i.e., retrospective) and future (prospective) condition as temporal reference points to define management goals."en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournalEcosphereen_US
dc.identifier.citationmonthOctoberen_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber10en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume2en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10535/8348
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.subjectclimate changeen_US
dc.subjectconservationen_US
dc.subjectadaptationen_US
dc.subjectresilienceen_US
dc.subjectvulnerabilityen_US
dc.subject.sectorGeneral & Multiple Resourcesen_US
dc.titleA Climate-change Adaptation Framework to Reduce Continental-scale Vulnerability across Conservation Reservesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.type.methodologyCase Studyen_US
dc.type.publishedpublisheden_US
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