Development of Agroforestry for Livelihood Security: Case Study of Pesawaran Indah Village, Pesawaran District, Indonesia

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"The phenomenon of climate change and increasing the population density affect the cropping pattern developed. Agroforestry cropping pattern is one of the alternatives facing the conditions. The purpose of this study is to encourage the development of agroforestry through a review of the benefits of agroforestry, both economically and ecologically point of view. The study was conducted in Pesawaran Indah Village, District of Pesawaran bordering Great Forest Park of Wan Abdul Rahman in which some area were damaged by illegal logging. Focus group discussion (FGD), direct interviews and quantitative analysis were employed for data collective and data analysis. The study result show that the benefit obtained from agroforestry pattern is not only from crop and forestry plan but also from manure used as organic fertilizer and biogas reactor materials, also the use of discharge water as the driving force of Power micro Hydro (MHP). The average of total income of agroforestry farmers amounting to Rp 36,992,171/ha/year the contribution to total revenues of 91.44%. Agroforestry pattern with dominance cocoa is financially viable with a value of NPV is Rp 71,392,802.34, BCR is 7.39, and IRR is 96% by the age of feasibility are 20 years and interest rate of 12%. Potential uptake of carbon in agroforestry 209.64 mg/ha."
agroforestry, plants, income distribution, IASC