Common-Pool Resources and Institutions: Toward a Revised Theory (Draft)

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Date
1997
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Workshop Working Paper Series no. W97-18
Abstract
"Common-pool resources are systems that generate finite quantities of resource units so that one person's use subtracts from the quantity of resource units available to others. Irrigation systems are among the most important type of common-pool resource. Most common-pool resources are sufficiently large that multiple actors can simultaneously use the resource system and efforts to exclude potential beneficiaries are costly. When the resource units (e.g., water) are highly valued and many actors benefit from appropriating(harvesting) them for consumption, exchange, or as a factor in a production process, the appropriations made by one individual are likely to create negative externalities for others."
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Keywords
game theory, tragedy of the commons, common pool resources--theory, self-governance--theory
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