An Alternative Policy Evaluation of the British Colombia Carbon Tax: Broadening the Application of Elinor Ostrom's Design Principles for Managing Common-Pool Resources

dc.contributor.authorLacroix, Karine
dc.contributor.authorGarrett, Richards
dc.coverage.countryCanadaen_US
dc.coverage.regionNorth Americaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-19T19:23:41Z
dc.date.available2015-10-19T19:23:41Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.description.abstract"Climate change is putting infrastructure, food supply, water resources, ecosystems, and human health at risk. These risks will be exacerbated depending on the degree of additional greenhouse gas emissions. Urgent action is needed to limit the severity of impacts associated with further warming. British Columbia (BC) has taken action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from carbon-based fuels by introducing a carbon tax in 2008. As an innovative approach to climate change mitigation, especially in North America, studies evaluating its effectiveness are valuable. We assessed the long-term viability potential of the BC carbon tax using common pool resource design principles, a novel application of the design principles to environmental policy. We found that the design principles can be applied productively to environmental policy and larger scale air pollution problems. With regard to the BC carbon tax, our findings suggest that closer monitoring of user behavior, further increases of the tax over time, and pursuing efforts for a more elaborate system of nested enterprises and interjurisdictional cooperation could increase the long-term success of the BC carbon tax. We also found that the design principles allowed us to more comprehensively reach conclusions regarding the broader effectiveness of the tax when compared to existing policy analysis. Traditionally, climate policy evaluation has focused on the end goal without considering broader constraints and issues of resource allocation. We suggest that common pool resource theory, which is based on strong theoretical principles and encourages reflexivity, will be able to address those limitations."en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournalEcology and Societyen_US
dc.identifier.citationmonthJuneen_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber2en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume20en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10535/9928
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.subjectcommon pool resourcesen_US
dc.subjectdesign principlesen_US
dc.subjectOstrom, Elinoren_US
dc.subjectpolicy analysisen_US
dc.subject.sectorTheoryen_US
dc.titleAn Alternative Policy Evaluation of the British Colombia Carbon Tax: Broadening the Application of Elinor Ostrom's Design Principles for Managing Common-Pool Resourcesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.type.methodologyTheoryen_US
dc.type.publishedpublisheden_US
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