Using Traditional Knowledge to Adapt to Ecological Change: Denesoaine Monitoring of Caribou Movements

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Date
2005
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Abstract
"The Chipewyan Dene or Denesoaine have long been dealing with variability in the movements of barren-ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus). Many generations ago, Denesoaine hunters learned that by observing caribou at key water crossings during the fall migration, they could obtain critical information about caribou health, population, and movement patterns. Systematic observation of these indicators by hunters strategically organized along the tree line enabled the Denesoaine to adapt their harvesting practices, including the location of family camps, to maximize harvest success. While this system of observation was developed for traditional subsistence harvesting, its techniques could be usefully applied today to other natural resource management contexts. In particular, such monitoring might help us understand how new bifurcation points created by mineral resource development may be affecting the Bathurst caribou herd. As governments, communities, and academics search for ways to include traditional knowledge in decision making for resource management, this paper recognizes that the Denesoaine and other indigenous peoples have their own systems of watching, listening, learning, understanding, and adapting to ecological change."
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caribou, migration, hunters and gatherers, harvesting, monitoring and sanctioning, traditional knowledge, mining, environmentalism
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