Impacts of Tropical Forest Disturbance Upon Avifauna on a Small Island with High Endemism: Implications for Conservation

dc.contributor.authorMartin, Thomas Edward
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, George Alan
dc.coverage.regionMiddle East & South Asiaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-15T20:31:07Z
dc.date.available2010-09-15T20:31:07Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.description.abstract"Tropical forests are rapidly being lost across Southeast Asia and this is predicted to have severe implications for many of the region’s bird species. However, relationships between forest disturbance and avifaunal assemblages remain poorly understood, particularly on small island ecosystems such as those found in the biodiversity ‘hotspot’ of Wallacea. This study examines how avifaunal richness varies across a disturbance gradient in a forest reserve on Buton Island, southeast Sulawesi. Particular emphasis is placed upon examining responses in endemic and red-listed species with high conservation importance. Results indicate that overall avian richness increases between primary and 30-year-old regenerating secondary forest and then decreases through disturbed secondary forest, but is highest in cleared farmland. However, high species richness in farmland does not signify high species distinctiveness; bird community composition here differs significantly from that found in forest sites, and is poor in supporting forest specialists and endemic species. Certain large-bodied endemics such as the Knobbed Hornbill (Rhyticeros cassidix) appear to be sensitive to moderate disturbance, with populations occurring at greatest density within primary forest. However, overall endemic species richness, as well as that of endemic frugivores and insectivores, is similar in primary and secondary forest types. Results indicate that well-established secondary forest in particular has an important role in supporting species with high conservational importance, possessing community composition similar to that found in primary forest and supporting an equally high richness of endemic species."en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournalConservation and Societyen_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber2en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages127-139en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume8en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10535/6336
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.subjectforests--tropicsen_US
dc.subjectbirdsen_US
dc.subjecthabitatsen_US
dc.subject.sectorForestryen_US
dc.titleImpacts of Tropical Forest Disturbance Upon Avifauna on a Small Island with High Endemism: Implications for Conservationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.type.methodologyCase Studyen_US
dc.type.publishedpublisheden_US
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