Winners Take All: Understanding Forest Conflict in the Era of Decentralization in Indonesia

dc.contributor.authorSudana, Madeen_US
dc.coverage.regionEast Asiaen_US
dc.description.abstract"The competition for benefits from decentralized forest management has dramatically increased forest-related conflicts among different stakeholders in Indonesia. Conflicts have been especially intense in areas of remaining valuable forest, such as Malinau, East Kalimantan. In this paper I aim to show how decentralization has influenced conflict. I show the increasing level of conflict that has occurred in Malinau and characterize the different types of conflict that have emerged. I then explain their causes in the context of decentralization. I use data from 27 villages to show that the new intensity of conflict has been related largely to (a) increases in value of forest and associated with district leaders initiatives to promote small-scale timber harvesting (b) uncertainties in village boundaries, forest land claims and rights to forest, (c) disagreements about how benefits should be shared, (d) more freedom of expression in civil society; (e) hesitance and lack of capacity in government to address tenure issues and (f) hesitance and lack of capacity by government or civil society to manage conflict. I show how conflict can be best understood within a nested set of contexts that includes the roles of different stakeholders. In Malinau conflict is deeply rooted in historical relationships among local settlements and ethnic groups. These relationships traditionally defined access to land and forest resources, as well as relations of power, conflict and cooperation among groups. Reform has strengthened the identity of these groups through revival of adat, presence of more local representation in district government and freedom of expression. As they have become stronger, the competition among them has increased. Decentralization is thus creating opportunities for more contestation and transforming social relations."en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdatesAugust 9-13en_US
dc.identifier.citationconferenceThe Commons in an Age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Propertyen_US
dc.identifier.citationconflocOaxaca, Mexicoen_US
dc.subjectcommon pool resourcesen_US
dc.subjectforest managementen_US
dc.subjectconflict--case studiesen_US
dc.subjectsocial organizationen_US
dc.subject.sectorSocial Organizationen_US
dc.titleWinners Take All: Understanding Forest Conflict in the Era of Decentralization in Indonesiaen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US


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