Knowledge and Attitude toward Zika Virus Disease among Pregnant Women in Iloilo City, Philippines

The recent outbreak of Zika Virus Disease (ZVD) has caused global and local public health concerns especially among pregnant women and women of reproductive age. A descriptive-correlational survey was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitude toward ZVD among pregnant women in Iloilo City. Using a validated self-completion questionnaire, a total of 102 women seeking prenatal consultation in District Health Centers in Iloilo City were conveniently chosen as study participants. Descriptive and non-parametric inferential statistical tools were employed to analyze the data. Results indicated that the most common sources of information about ZVD were the television and radio. Majority of pregnant women had low level of knowledge but had positive attitude toward ZVD. Only a few knew that the disease can spread through sexual contact. While many pregnant women felt that ZVD is a serious disease that can cause serious problems to their babies, only a little more than half believed that they are susceptible of acquiring the disease. A significant relationship was found between knowledge about ZVD and attitude toward the disease. The findings suggest that public health intervention programs must address knowledge gaps and focus on correcting misconceptions to raise awareness and promote favorable attitude toward ZVD.
public health