An Assessment on Deforestation for Strengthening the Implementation of Climate Change Policies: Case of Dry Zone Forests in Galgamuwa/North Central Province, Sri Lanka

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"Carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries account for approximately 20-25% of Global Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. Deforestation Implies the conversion of forest to another land use or long term reduction of tree canopy below the minimum 10% threshold. Forest degradation refers to changes within the forest which negatively affect the structure or function of the stand or site. Forest management policies based on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in developing countries plays a crucial role in pursuing the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and in holding the increase in global temperature rise below 2 degrees celsious above pre-industrial level. Trading of carbon credits generated by way of avoiding deforestation and forest degradation brings substantial multiple benefits for developing countries including Sri Lanka. Such policy measures for climate change mitigation and adaptation also can ensure the continued delivery of other forest related benefits or ancillary benefits such as poverty alleviation reduce food insecurity, improve rural livelihoods etc Sri Lanka also has been included into REDD+ initiative country list by the UNFCC in year 2010. However, the challenge faced by Sri Lanka when initiating REDD+ policy is lack of scientific data for establishing baseline information such as magnitude , spatial distribution and factors of deforestation. According to previous studies deforestation and forest degradation is taken place in North Central Province in Sri Lanka at alarming rate. Therefore this study on assessing deforestation generates useful information to implement climate change policies in forestry sector in Sri Lanka effectively."
forestry, climate change, deforestation