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Keeping Campfire Going: Political Uncertainty and Natural Resource Management in Zimbabwe

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Mapedza, Everisto
Date: 2007
Agency: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London
Series: Gatekeeper, no. 133
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/5946
Sector: Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): natural resources
local governance and politics
local participatory management
resource management
Abstract: "This report uses two case studies of community-based natural resource management (CAMPFIRE and forest co-management) to examine the impact of the political situation on resource management institutions and the resources on which they depend. It finds that wildlife habitat and populations are declining in both quality and extent, largely due to a breakdown in the policing power and incentive structure of local institutions. Poaching for commercial rather than subsistence needs has increased, as has encroachment on protected areas by farmers and livestock herders. The funds received by local communities from resource management and harvesting are also declining, further decreasing incentives for local protection of the sometimes dangerous wildlife with which local people have to co-exist. Financial management and accountability, always a challenge to these initiatives, is considerably worse, leaving the resource management institutions prone to undue political influence and the capture of benefits by the politically powerful."

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