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Social Roles and Performance of Social-Ecological Systems: Evidence from Behavioral Lab Experiments

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dc.contributor.author Pérez, Irene
dc.contributor.author Yu, David J.
dc.contributor.author Anderies, John M.
dc.contributor.author Janssen, Marco A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-05T16:30:19Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-05T16:30:19Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10000
dc.description.abstract "Social roles are thought to play an important role in determining the capacity for collective action in a community regarding the use of shared resources. Here we report on the results of a study using a behavioral experimental approach regarding the relationship between social roles and the performance of social-ecological systems. The computer-based irrigation experiment that was the basis of this study mimics the decisions faced by farmers in small-scale irrigation systems. In each of 20 rounds, which are analogous to growing seasons, participants face a two-stage commons dilemma. First they must decide how much to invest in the public infrastructure, e.g., canals and water diversion structures. Second, they must decide how much to extract from the water made available by that public infrastructure. Each round begins with a 60-second communication period before the players make their investment and extraction decisions. By analyzing the chat messages exchanged among participants during the communication stage of the experiment, we coded up to three roles per participant using the scheme of seven roles known to be important in the literature: leader, knowledge generator, connector, follower, moralist, enforcer, and observer. Our study supports the importance of certain social roles (e.g., connector) previously highlighted by several case study analyses. However, using qualitative comparative analysis we found that none of the individual roles was sufficient for groups to succeed, i.e., to reach a certain level of group production. Instead, we found that a combination of at least five roles was necessary for success. In addition, in the context of upstream-downstream asymmetry, we observed a pattern in which social roles assumed by participants tended to differ by their positions. Although our work generated some interesting insights, further research is needed to determine how robust our findings are to different action situations, such as biophysical context, social network, and resource uncertainty." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject communication en_US
dc.subject irrigation en_US
dc.subject laboratory experiments en_US
dc.subject social-ecological systems en_US
dc.title Social Roles and Performance of Social-Ecological Systems: Evidence from Behavioral Lab Experiments en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Experimental en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 20 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth September en_US

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