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An Iterative Approach to Case Study Analysis: Insights from Qualitative Analysis of Quantitative Inconsistencies

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dc.contributor.author Barnett, Allain T.
dc.contributor.author Baggio, Jacopo Alessandro
dc.contributor.author Shin, Hoon C.
dc.contributor.author Yu, David J.
dc.contributor.author Pèrez-Ibarra, Irene
dc.contributor.author Rubiños, Cathy
dc.contributor.author Brady, Ute
dc.contributor.author Ratajczyk, Elicia
dc.contributor.author Rollins, Nathan
dc.contributor.author Aggarwal, Rimjhim
dc.contributor.author Anderies, John M.
dc.contributor.author Janssen, Marco A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-25T20:17:32Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-25T20:17:32Z
dc.date.issued 2016 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10155
dc.description.abstract "Large-N comparative studies have helped common pool resource scholars gain general insights into the factors that influence collective action and governance outcomes. However, these studies are often limited by missing data, and suffer from the methodological limitation that important information is lost when we reduce textual information to quantitative data. This study was motivated by nine case studies that appeared to be inconsistent with the expectation that the presence of Ostrom’s Design Principles increases the likelihood of successful common pool resource governance. These cases highlight the limitations of coding and analysing Large-N case studies. We examine two issues: 1) the challenge of missing data and 2) potential approaches that rely on context (which is often lost in the coding process) to address inconsistencies between empirical observations theoretical predictions. For the latter, we conduct a post-hoc qualitative analysis of a large-N comparative study to explore 2 types of inconsistencies: 1) cases where evidence for nearly all design principles was found, but available evidence led to the assessment that the CPR system was unsuccessful and 2) cases where the CPR system was deemed successful despite finding limited or no evidence for design principles. We describe inherent challenges to large-N comparative analysis to coding complex and dynamically changing common pool resource systems for the presence or absence of design principles and the determination of 'success'. Finally, we illustrate how, in some cases, our qualitative analysis revealed that the identity of absent design principles explained inconsistencies hence de-facto reconciling such apparent inconsistencies with theoretical predictions. This analysis demonstrates the value of combining quantitative and qualitative analysis, and using mixed-methods approaches iteratively to build comprehensive methodological and theoretical approaches to understanding common pool resource governance in a dynamically changing context." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject design principles en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.title An Iterative Approach to Case Study Analysis: Insights from Qualitative Analysis of Quantitative Inconsistencies en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Qualitative en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal International Journal of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 10 en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages 467-494 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 2 en_US

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