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Exclusion, Poverty and Inequality in Decentralized Kenyan Forests: Bridging the Divide

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dc.contributor.author Obonyo, Emily en_US
dc.contributor.author Mogoi, Jephine en_US
dc.contributor.author Oeba, Vincent en_US
dc.contributor.author Ongugo, Paul en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:33:46Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:33:46Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-30 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-30 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1017
dc.description.abstract "Women's contributions are essential to the functioning of Kenya's economy. However, because women's contributions are not valued in the same way as men's, women consistently find themselves at a lower economic status than men. Women are largely excluded from economic decision-making, face low wages, have poor working conditions, limited employment and professional opportunities. Their unpaid work is also not measured and not valued in national accounts. Women often face inequality due to the fact that they earn less income and face unequal distribution of resources. The situation is further aggravated by lack of access to education and job segregation. "In the forestry sector, women face similar challenges. Despite the African women's role in the management of natural resources, the limited access to and lack of property rights has continued to escalate the cycle of poverty in which they are trapped. The traditional division of labour has also meant that women are almost solely the food providers for their families. In Kenya, this has forced women to depend more on the natural resources and being the main gender that produces food crops, they have a profound knowledge of plants, animals and other ecological processes. This calls for a more integrated approach in the decentralized forest management. "This paper therefore analyzes the situation of women with regard to decentralization of forest management in Kenya. Using IFRI/SANREM approaches, the paper identifies the major problems faced in promoting womens participation in the management of forests, and outlines the roles of women in forest management. "Results indicate that there are marked differences in participation in community projects and social groups/associations. There is an indication of uneven access, control and distribution of property rights and natural resource benefits. The paper further highlights power relationships in gendered environments and its impacts on the dominance of certain interest groups. Finally, the paper recommends strategies that can be used to overcome the constraints faced by women in NRM." en_US
dc.subject exclusion en_US
dc.subject poverty en_US
dc.subject inequality en_US
dc.subject decentralization en_US
dc.subject women en_US
dc.subject forestry en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Exclusion, Poverty and Inequality in Decentralized Kenyan Forests: Bridging the Divide en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Kenya en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US
dc.submitter.email efcastle@indiana.edu en_US

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