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Playing Games to Save Water: Collective Action Games for Groundwater Management in India

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dc.contributor.author Meinzen-Dick, Ruth
dc.contributor.author Janssen, Marco A.
dc.contributor.author Kandikuppa, Sandeep
dc.contributor.author Chaturved, Rahul
dc.contributor.author Rao, Kaushalendra R.
dc.contributor.author Theis, Sophie
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-03T18:10:09Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-03T18:10:09Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10287
dc.description.abstract "Groundwater is one of the most challenging common pool resources to govern, resulting in resource depletion in many areas. We present an innovative use of collective action games to not only measure propensity for collective action, but to improve local understanding of groundwater interrelationships and stimulate collective governance of groundwater, based on a pilot study with NGOs in Andhra Pradesh, India. The games simulate crop choice and consequences for the aquifer. These were followed by a community debriefing, which provided an entry point for discussing the interconnectedness of groundwater use, to affect mental models about groundwater. A slightly modified game was played in the same communities, one year later. Communication within the game increased the likelihood of groups reaching sustainable extraction levels in the second year, but not the first. Individual payments to participants based on how they played in the game had no effect on crop choice. Either repeated experience with the games or the revised structure of the game evoked more cooperation in the second year, outweighing other factors such as education, gender, and trust index scores. After the games were played, a significantly higher proportion of communities have adopted water registers and rules to govern groundwater, compared to other communities in the same NGO water commons program. Because groundwater levels are affected by many factors, games alone will not end groundwater depletion, but can contribute to understanding of the role of crop choice and collective action, to motivate behavior change toward more sustainable groundwater extraction." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CBIE Working Paper Series, no. CBIE-2017-001 en_US
dc.subject stakeholders en_US
dc.subject water management en_US
dc.subject groundwater en_US
dc.subject game theory en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.title Playing Games to Save Water: Collective Action Games for Groundwater Management in India en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US

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