Image Database Export Citations


Forest Co-Management as if History Mattered: The Case of Western Himalayan Forests in India

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Chhatre, Ashwini en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:27:56Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:27:56Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/102
dc.description.abstract "Kangra district in the western Himalayas has been witness to a succession of institutional arrangements between the people and the state for the management of forests in the last 150 years. This history has serious implications for the sustainability of the current efforts at creating village-level institutions for the co- management of forests. "In the mid-19th century, in exchange for proprietary rights over trees and timber, co-parcenary bodies of cultivators at the village level were formed and ceded the proprietary rights over the soil of the forests along with ownership of all non-timber forest products. Additionally, a one-fourth share in the proceeds from the sale of trees was also granted to this body, in order to secure its interest in timber conservancy. Over the next few decades, as the demand for timber and the need felt for securing control over timber yielding areas grew within the state, the co- parcenary bodies negotiated with the state and successfully extracted large concessions in exchange for ceding their proprietary rights over the soil. "Again, in the 1930s, responding to calls of impending doom due to forest degradation and erosion, the state negotiated with communities for enclosure of forest areas it was finding it impossible to manage. The resultant forest co-operative societies were given the full income from the forests, provided they managed the forests according to simple working plans prepared by forest officers and accepted the enclosure of forest lands. "Till date, in spite of offering varying degrees of incentives to local communities while at the same time trying to restrict local use, the forest department has failed to enforce its agenda of enclosure. The two cases discussed illustrate an ability of the communities to negotiate with the state, something which has been completely ignored, and sometimes negated, in the current efforts at co-management of forests. The cases also point to the futility of offering short term incentives and demonstrate the need to reconstitute the commons, with local institutions as equal partners." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject co-management en_US
dc.subject ecology en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.subject community forestry--history en_US
dc.subject local participatory management en_US
dc.subject village organization en_US
dc.subject forest products en_US
dc.title Forest Co-Management as if History Mattered: The Case of Western Himalayan Forests in India en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, IN en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
chhatrea041300.pdf 124.3Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record