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Mountain Commons and the Social Economy in Romania

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dc.contributor.author Irina-Sînziana, Opincaru
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-02T18:06:31Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-02T18:06:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10376
dc.description.abstract "The subject of forest and pasture commons in Romania (named “obști” or “composesorate”) has been scarcely studied, with only a few scholars engaging in the research of these associations in a structured manner (Vasile, 2006; Vasile and Mantescu, 2009). Moreover, their work was mainly centered on the study of the various processes of the commons, such as post-communism recreation, operations, members’ management and governance or the relation with the local community, but has not addressed the commons’ place or role in the wider sector of social economy in Romania. The subject of social economy (or the third sector) organizations in the country faced a significant growth in interest in the recent years, with both academics and public policy makers being interested in a better understanding and regulation of this sphere, but losing sight of particular forms of association. Thus, this paper comes to fill a gap in knowledge regarding both the forest and pasture commons in Romania and their rightful place in the sphere of social economy. Specifically, there will be analyzed over 40 forest and pasture commons in Covasna County, Romania. They own large amounts of land (on average around 700 ha each) and function as fully-fledged village-based institutions. Their characteristics, processes, management and governance practices will be explored, in order to show differences and similarities with more typical social economy organizations, such as cooperatives. The main argument is that forest and pasture commons in Romania are an important part in the structure of the third sector. They have a significant role in the development of the local communities where they function and should be taken into account with all their specificities in the creation of the policies and funding schemes of social economy. In conclusion, by closely examining the forest and pasture commons in Covasna County, Romania, this paper aims to bring to the forefront the characteristics of a rich associative sector emerging in Eastern Europe, with an important role to play in the social economy." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject commons en_US
dc.subject cooperatives en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject governance en_US
dc.title Mountain Commons and the Social Economy in Romania en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Romania en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Practicing the Commons: Self-Governance, Cooperation and Institutional Change en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates 10-14 July en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Utrecht, the Netherlands en_US

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