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Self-governance and Challenge to Improve the Management in Small Scale Fisheries in Peru

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Chavez, Maria F.; Nakandakari, Alexis; Caillaux, Matias
Conference: In Defense of the Commons: Challenges, Innovation and Action, the Seventeenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons
Location: Lima, Peru
Conf. Date: July 1-5
Date: 2019
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10679
Sector: Fisheries
Region: South America
Subject(s): fisheries
Abstract: "Small-scale fisheries in Peru accounts for about 80% of the fish and seafood consume in the country. Despite its important contribution to food security and the economies of coastal population, its formal governance system has not been effective to prevent or recover fisheries from tragedy-of-the-common-like situations, widening the gap to achieve the sustainability of small-scale fisheries. This situation has overwhelmed the sector’s capacities to achieve effective management. In this context, the study focuses on understanding the self-governance efforts and the challenges faced by fishers´ groups in five localities along the Peruvian coast: Manglares de Tumbes (Tumbes), Ancon (Lima), Laguna Grande (Ica), Ilo (Moquegua) and Morro Sama (Tacna). The data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews and surveys based on Ostrom’ social-ecological analytical framework. Our findings show that self-governance efforts to emerge to improve fishers’ life quality. Most of them have become de facto claimants or proprietors (de facto management and exclusion rights), and, in that process, several challenges have been overcome, but some still persist today such as: not having a legal basis for their efforts, inability to detect infractions of their members and foreigners, generate marketing and management skills. This study unveils key aspects to improve the governance of small-scale coastal fisheries in Peru. For instance, the implementation of rights-based management couple with organizational capacities, investment in control and surveillance and support for overcome the inefficiencies of value chains of seafood in Peru."

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