Image Database Export Citations


Co-Opting Conservation: Migrant Resource Control and Access to National Park Management in the Philippine Uplands

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Dressler, Wolfram H. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:35:36Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:35:36Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2004-12-03 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2004-12-03 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1277
dc.description.abstract "This paper examines a case in the Philippines where the transition from coercive conservation (Yellowstone Model) to more devolved management (community-based conservation) has been implemented at one national park, the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park (see Dressler and McDermott). Here, both migrants and an indigenous people (named Tagbanua coexist in villages adjacent to the park, where the latter faces the brunt of inequitable social relations of production and exchange, while having access to forest resources curbed by park managers. For decades each factor has built on the other to increase indigenous peoples livelihood vulnerability. Changes from coercive conservation (restrictive resource access) to current 'community-based' conservation (local involvement and livelihood support), has only exacerbated pre-existing patterns of social and economic differentiation. While new laws grant Tagbanua certain land rights and greater political leverage, migrant control over trade and resources by-passes the efficacy of new legal measures, such as ancestral domain claims, and does little to offset the risks imposed by park management. By using historical accounts, I show how migrant settlers land uses, political networks, and wealth grew in parallel to and shaped park management to support their own agricultural base. Colonial era classifications of land uses and identity have dichotomized migrants and indigenous peoples and led to inequities in wealth and political power, a pattern further exacerbated by national park management (Dressler and McDermott, 2004). "The papers second section provides the background for the case study by describing early Philippine land laws, forestry policy and transitions in national park management. Section three introduces the case study area, while section four introduces Tagbanua and migrant settlement periods. These sections trace patterns of socio-economic differentiation by comparing and contrasting changes in social relations and land uses between each group before and after migration. Against this backdrop, section five shows that despite the transition from punitive to community-based management at Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, managers still favor migrant lowlanders paddy rice over uplanders swidden agriculture. As park management became institutionalized, so did the suppression of indigenous livelihood strategies around the park. Conversely, since migrant land uses were favored, they were the first to be drawn into the national parks management structure. Section six examines why social inequities persisted despite changes in land classification, particularly ancestral domain claim delineation, management authority and expansion of the park as a World Heritage Site. Section seven finds that the shift to community-based conservation at the park has neither redressed socio-economic differentiation between households, nor achieved the dual objectives of poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation." en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject forest management--case studies en_US
dc.subject parks--case studies en_US
dc.subject CBRM en_US
dc.subject forest law en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject migration en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject social networks en_US
dc.subject inequality en_US
dc.title Co-Opting Conservation: Migrant Resource Control and Access to National Park Management in the Philippine Uplands en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region East Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Philippines en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates August 9-13 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Oaxaca, Mexico en_US
dc.submitter.email yinjin@indiana.edu en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Dressler_Co-opting_040524_Paper545.pdf 238.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record