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Biodiversity as a Common Resource: Conflict Concerning Property and Exploitation

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dc.contributor.author Massieu, Yolanda en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:37:36Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:37:36Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2004-12-03 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2004-12-03 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1541
dc.description.abstract "The paper considers the increasing importance of biodiversity as a strategic resource, specially since the development of genetic engineering. Biological conservation has been an important goal both of governments and environmentalists, mainly because environmental and ethical reasons. Bio-prospection is an important activity of biotechnology industry since the nineties and there are powerful economic interests about exploring and collecting plants, animals and micro-organisms. This has transformed biodiversity in a strategic resource for this powerful industry. There are now new Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) that concern biodiversity and lead to a more private use of it. In this paper I try to make an analysis of IPR towards biodiversity (both in Mexico and international level), on the one side, and the fact that high biodiversity regions in Mexico have common property characteristics and indigenous population in many cases. This is leading to increasing social and economic conflicts. I start describing the strategic importance of biodiversity, as well as the situation of IPR towards it. I also consider related international agreements. I continue giving information about a case study: Los Chimalapas, Oaxaca, one of the most high biodiversity regions in Mexico, in which there is indigenous population and social, economic and political conflicts are very important. Being the traditional territory of zoques indigenous group, this region has been very isolated, there are conflicts about limits between Chiapas and Oaxaca and in recent decades powerful economic groups linked to livestock production and drugs are taking some lands by force and attacking zoque group. There has been also action of some environmental non-government organizations and there is a proposal of a peasant-indigenous natural protected area, although it has not been implemented yet. Conflicts have taken violent forms and they are an obstacle for biodiversitys conservation and sustainable use. As conclusion, I try to make a reflection about the possibility of solving problems and making a sustainable and socially fair use of biodiversity in regions as the Chimalapas in Mexico." en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject biodiversity en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject conflict--case studies en_US
dc.subject intellectual property rights en_US
dc.subject genetic resources en_US
dc.subject international treaties en_US
dc.subject conservation en_US
dc.title Biodiversity as a Common Resource: Conflict Concerning Property and Exploitation en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Central America & Caribbean en_US
dc.coverage.country Mexico en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Information & Knowledge en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates August 9-13 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Oaxaca, Mexico en_US
dc.submitter.email yinjin@indiana.edu en_US

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