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Constraints to the Management of Rangeland as a Common Property Resource in Central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Bennett, James en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:38:21Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:38:21Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-24 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-24 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1634
dc.description.abstract "This paper takes as its starting point the assertion that current rangeland management in the central Eastern Cape Province (former Ciskei) of South Africa, is characterised primarily by an open-access approach. Empirical material drawn from several case-study communities in the region is used to examine the main barriers to management of rangeland as a commons. The general inability to define and enforce rights to particular grazing resources in the face of competing claims from outsiders, as well as inadequate local institutions responsible for rangeland management and increasing evidence of land enclosure at both a community and individual level are highlighted as being of key importance. These are often exacerbated by lack of available grazing land, diffuse user groups and local political and ethnic divisions. Many of these problems have a strong legacy in historical apartheid policies such as forced resettlement and betterment planning. "On this basis it is argued that policy should focus on improving existing under-utilised resources (particularly arable lands), providing additional grazing resources (through restitution and redistribution) where appropriate and, in particular, developing policies that facilitate the emergence of effective, local institutions for rangeland management. Given the limited grazing available to many communities in the region, a critical aspect of this will be finding ways to legitimise current patterns of extensive resource use, which traverse existing community boundaries. However, this runs counter to the main tenets of the recent Communal Land Rights Act (2004), which strongly links community management with legal ownership of land within strictly defined boundaries. Finding ways to overcome this apparent disjuncture between policy and practise will be vital for the effective management of common pool grazing resources in the region." en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.subject grazing en_US
dc.subject open access en_US
dc.subject local governance and politics en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.title Constraints to the Management of Rangeland as a Common Property Resource in Central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country South Africa en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth July en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US
dc.submitter.email elsa_jin@yahoo.com en_US

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