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Water Management Decentralization in the Red River Delta, Vietnam: An Uncompleted Transition Process Toward Local Governance

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dc.contributor.author Fontenelle, Jean-Philippe en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:19Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/168
dc.description.abstract "The political evolution of the 1980s, which led to a liberalization of the economy and to State withdrawal from agricultural production, was the framework of important changes in hydraulic systems of the Red River delta in Vietnam. A vast number of small local systems was created. These systems found a place among the grid formerly defined by hydraulic schemes of big size, centrally managed by specialized State organizations, Irrigation and Drainage Management Companies (IDMC). "Small systems were created by communal co-operatives in response to water-users local demand, who were dissatisfied with respect to centralized systems water supply. Actually, these small systems play today an essential part in irrigation, even in drainage of Red River delta paddy fields. Yet, State agencies do not take them into account in their characterization of delta hydraulics formal framework. "The national reform of communal co-operatives launched in 1996, consolidates the function of old local collectivist organizations in supervising farming households, in their granting the ability of becoming commercial institutions of service bound for users. The services concerned are initially water supply, but also electricity supply and in few cases farm equipment. "Vietnamese State recognizes with the co-operatives a legitimacy of representation of the farming households toward hydraulic management, via its support to a strict organization of resources management, while refusing to integrate the existence of small local hydraulic systems. Actually, they were created by co-operatives, but according to a reverse dynamics, initiated by users' local demand. "It results from this an important shift between formal and informal framework. Negotiations between co- operatives and IDMCs, such as the financial resource sharing, are managed in terms of a power struggle, apart from any transparency. This transition period is leading to a great diversity of situations. At the same time new local innovative management solutions emerge, but misuses of power due to water-users' exclusion from the formal arena of negotiation also arise." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject irrigation en_US
dc.subject water resources en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject institutional change en_US
dc.subject cooperatives en_US
dc.subject power en_US
dc.title Water Management Decentralization in the Red River Delta, Vietnam: An Uncompleted Transition Process Toward Local Governance en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region East Asia en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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