Image Database Export Citations


Socio-Ecological Dynamics of Artisanal Lobster Fishery System in Providence and Santa Catalina Islands--Colombian Caribbean

Show full item record

Type: Conference Paper
Author: Rocha, J. C.; Castillo, D.
Conference: Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons
Location: Cheltenham, England
Conf. Date: July 14-18, 2008
Date: 2008
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1751
Sector: Fisheries
Subject(s): common pool resources
Abstract: "The objective is to study the resilience of the artisanal fishery system in Spiny Lobster Panulirus argus as a social-ecological system. Three subsystems were analysed using as methodology dynamic modeling tools and semi structural interviews. The first subsystem is the lobster population which simulates life history, population and metapopulation dynamics, as well as density-dependence effect. The second subsystem is the fishery activity analysed from two perspectives: material fishery, based on historical data extraction; and virtual fishery, based on experimental economic approaches to fishermen behavior in a context of common pool resource (CPR), simulating the effect of institutions as communication, allowance and monitoring of external norms accomplishment. "Both approaches simulate multiple stability domains in order to find variables or interactions between themselves capable to explain the resilience gains or losses between these equilibrium domains. This approach was complemented by a third analytical perspective: the study of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and the misperceptions as a cultural subsystem. "The findings show dynamic failures directing the system to undesirable stability domains where fishery is unsustainable. These failures are related with the subsystems interactions and they are expressed in several aspects as losses of species reproductive potential, perception of not resource exhaustion, the poverty trap of fishing effort increases, high yield of exploitation, or norms breaking. "Based on the results, we suggest vital strategies for the local resource management: i) the change of equality notion inside the fishermen population and external agents, ii) recovering the fisherman labour prestige in order to sustain the social memory, and finally iii) to go further in the harvest arrival monitoring, regarding capture sizes and gender looking for to estimate reproductive potential. This last variable has shown to be sensitive to changes in resilience gains and losses inside the biological subsystem. From a regional management view, fishery must be analyzed regarding the resource natural scale, as a Pan-Caribbean meta-population. It is therefore mandatory to make international cooperation efforts for sharing fisheries information, in addition to find ways to understand meta-population dynamics of lobster and the second order CPR."

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Rocha_133701.pdf 487.8Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show full item record