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Governing New Mexico's Water: Lessons from the Commons

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dc.contributor.author Brown, John R. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:40:22Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:40:22Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-06-25 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-06-25 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1878
dc.description.abstract "New Mexico's diverse Native American and Hispano acequia traditions both inform and complicate the process of crafting institutions for governing the water resources of the state. Before the 20th century, both these cultures (to oversimplify a complex reality) treated their water sources and supplies as commons, governed them at the community level, and made collective decisions about access, uses, and responsibilities of individual users. Near the beginning of the 20th century, the power to decide who had access to a source of water moved to the State Engineer, while determining how water would be used became the province of the individual water right holder, 'hollowing out' the authority of the community to make collective decisions. "In the 21st century, as population pressures collide with physical constraints and management regimes that often fail to protect the rights of senior appropriators, officials are trying to balance conflicting values while introducing greater flexibility and efficiency into procedures to move water from historical to new uses. Water planning processes with strong public participation have raised awareness of issues of institutional design concerning 'active water resource management' -- how much 'market' and how much 'regulation'? "Both collective and autonomous market choices have roles in institutional arrangements that reflect the multiple values of New Mexicans, but in a situation of growing scarcity, collective choices will predominate. Protecting and strengthening mechanisms for collective choice, particularly at the local level, responds to peoples core values, while appropriately structured and regulated markets may allow willing buyers and sellers to transact productive agreements. Negotiation has an important place in a framework for market regulation that accounts for negative externalities of proposed transfers." en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject water resources en_US
dc.subject collective choice en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.subject value en_US
dc.subject scarcity en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.title Governing New Mexico's Water: Lessons from the Commons en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country United States en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates August 9-13 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Oaxaca, Mexico en_US
dc.submitter.email yinjin@indiana.edu en_US

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