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Occupying the Land: Traditional Patterns of Land and Resource Ownership among First Peoples of British Columbia

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dc.contributor.author Turner, Nancy en_US
dc.contributor.author Jones, James T. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:41:01Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:41:01Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-07-16 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-07-16 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1952
dc.description.abstract "A frequent misconception of early European settlers in what is now British Columbia was that the Aboriginal inhabitants were not really using most of the land, did not really 'occupy' very much of it, and held no real concepts of ownership for either the land or its resources. This perpsective was encouraged among the newcomers, who otherwise might have had to restrict their own desired occupation of the land and conform to existing codes of ownership. "In fact, First Peoples throughout the region had well developed concepts of territory, occupancy and proprietorship over lands and resources with firmly embedded protocols for resource use and distribution within and among families and communities. These concepts varied from one cultural group to another, and access to some areas and prime resources, like salmon streams and valuable root-digging and berry gathering areas, were more closely controlled than others. In all cases, however, traditional proprietorship was inextricably linked with responsibilities of the owners for stewardship and sharing of resources. "We provide examples of different cultural models of land and resource ownership, ranging from communal control of territory at the tribal level for Salishan peoples, to more specifically focused hereditary ownership and control of lands by clan chiefs, as practiced by the Nuu-Chah-Nulth, Kwakwaka'wakw, Haida, Nisga'a and other Northwest Coast peoples. The implications of these systems of ownership for resource sustainability are also discussed. The systems have been largely disrupted from the imposition of European law and property systems, but they still exist, and with new arrangements for land tenure deriving from treaty negotiations, they may be reinstated to some extent in the coming years. There is a good potential for improving contemporary resource management through incorporation of some of these traditional models of land tenure and use." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject ownership--history en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject Native Americans en_US
dc.subject social organization en_US
dc.subject culture en_US
dc.title Occupying the Land: Traditional Patterns of Land and Resource Ownership among First Peoples of British Columbia en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country Canada en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, IN en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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