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Commons of the North Atlantic Coasts

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Sandberg, Audun
Conference: Reinventing the Commons, the Fifth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bodoe, Norway
Conf. Date: May 24-28, 1995
Date: 1995
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2065
Sector: Fisheries
Region: Europe
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources
marine resources
coastal regions
Abstract: "Aquaculture, Sea-ranching and Salmon River enhancement are all modern activities that are heavily dependent on one fundamental marine resource - the clean and healthy coastal environment. To understand fully the function of the coast as a commons, it is necessary with an inquiry of the normative foundations for present European resource management institutions - a task which several of the papers in this session aim at. This particular paper analyses the interaction between different resource utilisation systems on North Atlantic Coasts - in particular on Norwegian Coasts. In the multi-layer governing of these northern coastal environments there is one type of governing institutions for the use of healthy coastal ecology for aquaculture - in closed pens - with limited participation by local government There are other governing institutions for the wild salmon that migrates through the coastal waters on its way between the ocean and its spawning river. There are again other governing institutions for fish-fry areas, for underwater parks, for sea-bird nesting areas and for various categories of coastal fishing areas. With advanced plans for the release of thousands of fish fry in sea-ranching schemes and through various enhancement efforts, like artificial reefs in coastal areas, new questions of rights as basis for new institutions arises. These shed interesting light on old questions of property rights and on the role of local communities, of professional organisations and of the role of the State in its various forms. "From this, the paper contributes to the development of theories that can explain emerging points of convergence between a governing of resources based on 'folk science' and a management of resources based on 'scientific science.'"

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