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People, Institutions and Agroecosystems in Transition

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dc.contributor.author Gatzweiler, Franz W. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hagedorn, Konrad en_US
dc.contributor.author Sikor, Thomas en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:43Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:43Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-11-06 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-11-06 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/232
dc.description.abstract "This paper aims at explaining the role and importance of the evolution of institutions for sustainable agrienvironments during the transition process by referring to examples of agri-environmental problems faced in Central and Eastern European countries. It is often stated that the replacement of institutional structures in post socialist countries would bring a unique opportunity to implement new policies and institutions needed to ensure that economic growth is environmentally sustainable. This idea stems from the assumption that the breakdown of the socialist system resembles that (of the Schumpeterian type) of creative destruction - a process that incessantly revolutionizes economic structures from within. However, not all kinds of institutions, especially at local level, can simply be implemented, and even more, not incessantly. Instead, they evolve as a response to ecosystem and social system characteristics, and this is a rather slow process. A central question therefore is whether the required institutional arrangements for achieving sustainability in the area of agri-environmental resource management can be built more easily in periods of transition as they fill institutional gaps, or whether processes of transition make institution building a more difficult and far more time consuming task than previously thought. Above all, we want to find out, how these two processes of institution building at different scales affect the sustainable management of resources such as water and biodiversity in agriculture? It will become clear that the agrienvironmental problem areas faced during transition are complex and dynamic and require adequate institutions both by political design and from the grassroots, to be developed by the respective actors involved. Transition from centrally planned to pluralistic systems has to be considered as a particular and in some respect non-typical process of institutional change. Popular theories of institutional change do not necessarily apply. The privatisation experience from many CEE countries will serve as an example. Finally, we will provide some examples of missing or insufficient interaction between political actors or agencies and people in CEE countries." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject agrarian reform en_US
dc.subject institutional change en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.title People, Institutions and Agroecosystems in Transition en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Globalisation, the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 17-21, 2002 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe en_US
dc.submitter.email jerwolfe@indiana.edu en_US

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