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Collective Action Problems Posed by No-Take Zones

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Jones, Peter J. S.
Journal: Marine Policy
Volume: 30
Date: 2006
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2495
Sector: Social Organization
Subject(s): common pool resources
collective action
protected areas
marine ecology
Abstract: Author-Supplied Keywords: marine reserves no-take zones "Around 0.04% of the world's marine area is presently designated as no-take zone (NTZ), in which all fishing is banned. The IUCN, backed by many marine fisheries and ecology scientists, has called for this to be increased to 20-30% by 2012 in order to conserve fish stocks and marine biodiversity. This ambitious target presents a number of collective action problems (CAPs) that must be addressed and overcome if fishers and other relevant actors are to collaborate towards its achievement. These are discussed, drawing on the common-pool resource (CPR) literature, with particular reference to those raised by divergent aims, predictability, different knowledges, role of advocacy, locality, level of decision-making and enforceability. As NTZs are ultimately about altering the behaviour of humans, it is argued that studies, based on social sciences, on how NTZs can be designed, implemented and enforced on a collective basis, are essential."

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