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Conservation, Commerce and Communities: The Story of Community-Based Wildlife Management Areas in Tanzania's Northern Tourist Circuit

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Igoe, Jim; Croucher, Beth
Journal: Conservation & Society
Volume: 5
Date: 2007
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2518
Sector: Social Organization
General & Multiple Resources
Region: Africa
Subject(s): poverty alleviation
resource management
Abstract: "This article explores the convergence of poverty reduction and conservation in Tanzania, focusing on the work of transnational conservation organisations. It outlines the ways in which this convergence has been conceptualised in the context of large-scale landscape conservation, most notably community-based Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). We argue that the overriding priorities of large landscape conservation in Tanzania are revaluing landscapes in ways that make them desirable and available to private investors, while keeping key wildlife migration corridors free of human habitation. We describe the ways in which these twin priorities actually exacerbate poverty and undermine democracy at the community level through a case study of communities living between Tarangire and Lake Manyara National Parks in Tanzanias northern tourist circuit. We then discuss how and why these realities are rendered invisible in the discourses and images of transnational conservation. We conclude by proposing alternative approaches that we believe would contribute to improved conservation governance and community prosperity."

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