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The Relation Between Income and Hunting in Tropical Forests: An Economic Experiment in the Field

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Siren, Anders H.; Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo; Machoa, Jose D.
Journal: Ecology and Society
Volume: 11
Date: 2006
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2542
Sector: Forestry
Region: South America
Subject(s): forests--tropics
Amazon River region
economic development
experimental economics
income distribution
participatory management
Abstract: "Hunting in tropical forests is both a major cause of biodiversity loss and an important food source for millions of people. A question with important policy implications is how changes in income level affect how much people hunt. This study, which was carried out in an indigenous community in the Amazon, explored the relation between income and consumption of wild meat using an economic experiment in the form of a lottery, and involved the local people, not only as experimental subjects, but also in the interpretation of results. The results suggested that an increase in steady employment, rather than in income alone, may lead to the substitution of non-hunted foods for wild meat. The kind of social learning that participation in this type of economic experiment implies may potentially affect the way people manage resources in real life."

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