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Clashing Claims: Conflict and Violence as Unintended Consequences of Tenure Transformation at Enoosupukia, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Matter, Scott en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:54Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:54Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/261
dc.description.abstract "In recent decades, violent conflict has become a metonym for Africa. Conflicts on the continent have manifested in a variety of forms, from civil wars between armies, as in Sudan, to communal violence between citizens, as in the Rwandan genocide. In Kenya, a relatively peaceful and stable country, periodic eruptions of violent conflict have occurred at the nexus of politics, ethnicity, and land. In three distinct periods, prior to independence in 1961, in the era of political liberalization between 1991 and 1997, and again after the most recent general election in 2007, violent clashes have pitted members of different ethnic groups co-resident on contested lands against one another resulting in death, injury, and displacement. But the complexities of local conflicts over land and the motivations of local participants to violence have been overlooked as the role and motivations of the elite have been the focus of attention. In this paper, I use one example of this type of violence, an ethno-political clash over land at Enoosupukia, which took place in October 1993, to examine how tenure insecurity and local conflicts over land rights factor into what has previously been understood as political violence. While recognizing the important part played by the politicization of difference and incitement by key members of the national elite, I argue that violence at Enoosupukia was a product of the propagation of multiple, incompatible institutions of land and resource governance through which competing claims to land have been voiced. The conflicts underlying violence are not merely a result of the uneasy co-existence of traditional notions of land as territory with modern notions of land as commodity, but rather an unintended consequence of state-supported efforts to transform tenure, from 'customary' communal tenure to 'modern' private property." en_US
dc.subject conflict en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.subject local participatory management en_US
dc.subject violence en_US
dc.title Clashing Claims: Conflict and Violence as Unintended Consequences of Tenure Transformation at Enoosupukia, Kenya en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Kenya en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Workshop on the Workshop 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 3-6, 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Indiana University Bloomington en_US

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