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The Adaptive Decision-Making Process as a Tool for Integrated Natural Resource Management: Focus, Attitudes, and Approach

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dc.contributor.author Lal, Padma en_US
dc.contributor.author Lim-Applegate, Hazel en_US
dc.contributor.author Scoccimarro, Michelle C. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:58:46Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:58:46Z
dc.date.issued 2001 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-02-10 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-02-10 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3233
dc.description.abstract "Integrated natural resource management (INRM) and its many closely related approaches are generally considered to be more effective than single-disciplinary approaches for managing the complex resource issues currently facing many countries. INRM approaches aim to integrate several disciplines and involve different stakeholders operating in their own subsystems across different spatial and temporal scales. These approaches focus on identifying management strategies for sustaining natural resource stocks and flows of goods and services as well as their underlying ecological processes. Changes in the behavior of consumers and producers and in the allocation of resources among uses, users, time, and space will be necessary to achieve sustainable development. To accomplish this, changes in focus, attitudes, and approaches to research and management will also be necessary. This paper argues that the key focus of INRM should not be the natural resource itself, but rather the interactions of humans with each other and with their natural environment, and the decisions they make about using and managing resources. Such decision-making processes aim to identify and implement action-oriented strategies and to apply economic and noneconomic instruments that motivate behavioral changes, allowing for different responses to various economic imperatives. This process should be guided by constructivist philosophy and supported by rigorous cross-disciplinary research and active stakeholder participation. It must be compatible with dialectic decision making to reflect the different views and objectives of the stakeholders, the presence of incomplete information, and, at times, the fact that researchers have only a poor understanding of the dynamics of subsystems and their interactions. There must also be iterative, regular monitoring and fine-tuning of the management strategies chosen. We prefer to call the entire process an adaptive decision-making process (ADMP). Here we propose a four-phase ADMP illustrated by projects in Fiji and Thailand, both of which are supported by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. The role of research, researchers, and other stakeholders in the ADMP is also discussed." en_US
dc.subject adaptive systems en_US
dc.subject decision making en_US
dc.subject modeling en_US
dc.subject integration en_US
dc.subject natural resources en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.title The Adaptive Decision-Making Process as a Tool for Integrated Natural Resource Management: Focus, Attitudes, and Approach en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 5 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth December en_US

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