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Historical, Demographic, and Economic Correlates of Land-Use Change in the Republic of Panama

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dc.contributor.author Wright, Stuart Joseph en_US
dc.contributor.author Samaniego, Mirna Julieta en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:00:00Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:00:00Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-02-04 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-02-04 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3342
dc.description.abstract "The Republic of Panama recently experienced a limited forest transition. After five decades of decline, the total forest cover increased by 0.36% yr1 between 1992 and 2000; however, mature forest cover simultaneously decreased by 1.3% yr1. This limited forest transition at the national scale comprised two distinctly different patterns of recent forest-cover change related to historical land use. Districts that were largely deforested when the first national survey of forest cover was completed in 1947 experienced a strong forest transition between 1992 and 2000. In these, the proportion of the population employed in agriculture decreased by an average of 31% and natural secondary forest succession increased the total forest cover by an average of 85% between 1992 and 2000. In contrast, no forest transition was evident for districts that were largely forested in 1947. In these, the absolute number of people employed in agriculture remained constant, old-growth forest cover decreased by 8% on average, and natural secondary forest succession increased, so that the total forest cover tended to be static between 1992 and 2000. Historical land use, an index of human poverty, and the population density of agricultural workers explained 61% of the among-district variation in forest cover in 2000, with forest concentrated in areas where populations were small and poor. Historical land use and gross income per hectare from agriculture explained 23.5% of the among-district variation in forest-cover change between 1992 and 2000. The early history of forest loss, an uneven distribution of people, and disparities in farm income contributed to the limited forest transition observed in Panama." en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject cattle en_US
dc.subject deforestation en_US
dc.subject forests--tropics en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject plantations en_US
dc.subject reforestation en_US
dc.title Historical, Demographic, and Economic Correlates of Land-Use Change in the Republic of Panama en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region Central America & Caribbean en_US
dc.coverage.country Panama en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 13 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth January en_US

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