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Examining Institutional Change: Social Conflict in Nepal's Leasehold Forestry Programme

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dc.contributor.author Nagendra, Harini en_US
dc.contributor.author Karna, Birendra en_US
dc.contributor.author Karmacharya, Mukunda en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:00:20Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:00:20Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-21 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-21 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3372
dc.description.abstract "Among developing countries, Nepal has been an enthusiastic leader in experimenting with participatory systems of forest governance. This article evaluates the state-initiated implementation of the leasehold forestry programme in Nepal, aimed at providing better livelihoods to the poorest sections of society by leasing patches of degraded forest land for a 40-year period. Using case studies in the middle hills, we studied the interaction between leasehold forestry users and forest dependent communities that were excluded from the programme. Our evaluation of local institutions and forest condition before and after implementation of the programme revealed that there is a high degree of social conflict between users and non-users, with an increase in forest degradation. Nevertheless, in some situations, user groups have developed innovative approaches to conflict resolution, leading to significant improvements in forest biodiversity and biomass levels. We conclude that it is not enough to simply change existing legislation and put a new institution in place. The degree to which such institutions can survive and succeed in achieving their objectives will depend crucially on how well they interface with existing institutions, and the manner in which this interface evolves over time in response to the needs and expectations of local communities." en_US
dc.subject community forestry--case studies en_US
dc.subject institutional change--case studies en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject access en_US
dc.subject deforestation en_US
dc.subject Workshop en_US
dc.subject user groups--case studies en_US
dc.subject biodiversity en_US
dc.subject CIPEC en_US
dc.title Examining Institutional Change: Social Conflict in Nepal's Leasehold Forestry Programme en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Nepal en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Conservation and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth January en_US
dc.submitter.email efcastle@indiana.edu en_US

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