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Landcare on the Poverty-Protection Interface in an Asian Watershed

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dc.contributor.author Garrity, Dennis P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Amoroso, Victor B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Koffa, Samuel en_US
dc.contributor.author Catacutan, Delia en_US
dc.contributor.author Buenavista, Gladys en_US
dc.contributor.author Fay, Paul en_US
dc.contributor.author Dar, William en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:01:16Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:01:16Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-09-19 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-09-19 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3450
dc.description.abstract "Serious methodological and policy hurdles constrain effective natural resource management that alleviates poverty while protecting environmental services in tropical watersheds. We review the development of an approach that integrates biodiversity conservation with agroforestry development through the active involvement of communities and their local governments near the Kitanglad Range Natural Park in the Manupali watershed, central Mindanao, the Philippines. Agroforestry innovations were developed to suit the biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of the buffer zone. These included practices for tree farming and conservation farming for annual cropping on slopes. Institutional innovations improved resource management, resulting in an effective social contract to protect the natural biodiversity of the park. The production of fruit and timber trees dramatically increased, re-establishing tree cover in the buffer zone. Natural vegetative contour strips were installed on several hundred sloping farms. Soil erosion and runoff declined, and the buffer strips increased maize yields by an average of 0.5 t/ha on hill-slope farms. The scientific knowledge base guided the development and implementation of a natural resource management plan for the municipality of Lantapan. A dynamic grass-roots movement of farmer-led Landcare groups evolved in the villages near the park boundary, which had a significant impact on conservation in both the natural and managed ecosystems. Encroachment in the natural park was reduced by 95% in 3 yr. The local Landcare groups also restored stream-corridor vegetation. This integrated approach has been recognized as a national model for the local management of natural resources and watersheds in the Philippines. Currently, the collaborating institutions are evolving a negotiation support system to resolve the interactions between the three management domains: the park, the ancestral domain claim, and the municipalities. This integrated systems approach operated effectively with highly constrained funding, suggesting that commitment and impact may best be stimulated by a 'drip-feed' approach rather than by large, externally funded efforts." en_US
dc.subject agroforestry en_US
dc.subject biodiversity en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject conservation en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject timber en_US
dc.subject poverty en_US
dc.title Landcare on the Poverty-Protection Interface in an Asian Watershed en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region East Asia en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 6 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth June en_US

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