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Extensions of 'The Tragedy of the Commons'

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Hardin, Garrett
Date: 1998
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3915
Sector: Theory
Subject(s): tragedy of the commons
Abstract: "My first attempt at interdisciplinary analysis led to an essay, 'The Tragedy of the Commons.' Since it first appeared in Science 25 years ago, it has been included in anthologies on ecology, environmentalism, health care, economics, population studies, law, political science, philosophy, ethics, geography, psychology, and sociology. It became required reading for a generation of students and teachers seeking to meld multiple disciplines in order to come up with better ways to live in balance with the environment. "I did not start out intending to forge an interdisciplinary link, but rather to present a retiring president's address to the Pacific division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. But even after six revisions, each quite different from the one before, my summary of an ecologist's view of the human overpopulation problem would not crystallize. Repeatedly, I found fault with my own conclusions."

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