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The Partial County Plan for the Rondane Region, an Evaluation

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Bråta, Hans Olav
Conference: Crossing Boundaries, the Seventh Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Conf. Date: June 10-14
Date: 1998
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/480
Sector: Wildlife
Region: Europe
Subject(s): IASC
resource management
Abstract: A"The theme of this paper is to analyse the Partial County Plan for the Rondane Region in Norway, and the plan's effects concerning planning in the local authority districts. "The Rondane Region is situated centrally in Southern-Norway, ... and is about 150 km from north to south. It is situated in 12 local authority districts and 2 counties, Oppland in the west and Hedmark in the east ... "By natural conditions the wild reindeer migrates between those parts of a mountain area giving the most abundant supply of nutritious plants at different times of the year. Migration by fixed routes is therefore part of a cycle that knits together areas which provide the best possibilities for survival. The best winter forage areas in Rondane are in the north and east, and the best summer areas are in the west and south. The wild reindeer in Rondane is one of the few remnants of the wild European mountain reindeer. In the years 1989-1993, the number of wild reindeer in the region was approximately 4400 every year. The average number for 1993-1996 was 3500 wild reindeer. "As part of traditional use, and in order to adjust the number of animals to the amount of available food, the wild reindeer is hunted. In the years 1989-1993 approximately 1230 animals were shot every year, whereas approximately 800 were shot annually in the period 1993-1996. The majority of the hunters live in the local authority districts, and hunting is open to everybody living there. "Due to the popularity of the Rondane region for tourism and out-door recreation there are approximately 12000 private cabins, most of them located at the western side of the mountain area. Between the early 1920's and 1996 the number of beds in tourist cabins north of State Road no. 27 increased from about 60 to about 520. Historical statistics showing the number of visitors exist only for the tourist cabins in Bjornhollia, Grimsdalshytta and Rondvassbu, which in 1996 had 272 beds altogether. In the years between 1920 and 1994-1996 the number of overnight stays increased from 225 to 21000 per year in those tourist cabins. In the summer, the region is crossed by four roads. Several other roads penetrate the region from east and west. The disturbance due to these impacts has affected the distribution of the wild reindeer, both their use of the forage areas and the migration routes. "Most of the impacts leading up to disturbance have been subject for planning in the local authority districts, but traditionally the impacts have been planned without estimating their local and regional effects upon the wild reindeer. Proving negative effects from single impacts, in addition to the fact that small impacts may add up to severe consequences, are additional aspects."

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