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Integrating Conservation and Development in the Peruvian Amazon

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Gockel, Catherine Kilbane; Gray, Leslie C.
Journal: Ecology and Society
Volume: 14
Date: 2009
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5360
Sector: Forestry
Region: South America
Subject(s): conservation
Amazon River region
local participatory management
natural resources
Abstract: "Recent studies have critiqued integrated conservation and development projects for failing to attain either of their two major goals. This paper evaluates one such project in Peru’s Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, which entailed community-based natural resource-management plans for palm and aquatic resources. We conducted semi-structured interviews with reserve inhabitants (n=57) during May 2007, as well as key-informant interviews with state and non-governmental organization (NGO) staff. Monitoring data and reports from NGOs were important secondary sources in this study. The intervention has improved the status of targeted species and has improved the well-being of participants. This project worked well for a number of reasons, including the long-term commitment of the implementing organization, the social capital and legitimacy provided by participation in management groups, and the fact that local knowledge was incorporated into resource-management techniques."

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