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Subaltern Strategies and Autonomous Community Building: A Critical Analysis of the Network Organization of Sustainable Agriculture Initiatives in Andhra Pradesh

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Kumbamu, Ashok
Journal: Community Development Journal
Volume: 44
Page(s): 336-350
Date: 2009
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5941
Sector: Agriculture
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): autonomy
community development
food supply
Abstract: "This paper examines and analyses the organization and functioning of subaltern peasant sanghams (grassroot associations of the poor) and their place-based as well as network-based strategies in building autonomous local communities that challenge the consequences of neoliberal globalization in general and the commodification of agriculture and food in particular. The major objective of the counterhegemonic organizational strategies is to build self-protective and subsistence communities, to mend the metabolic rift between nature and society, and to re-reconstruct social fabric within communities. The question remains is whether place-based autonomous communities can sustain in an increasingly globalizing world. To better understand these political dynamics, I use Karl Polanyi’s concept of ‘double movement’ and examine the making of a double movement in Indian agriculture and its socio-political and ecological implications for the Indian peasantry. I use the organizational strategies and activities of the Deccan Development Society, a prominent non-governmental organization that has been working in Medak district for more than two decades, as an illustrative case study."

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