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The Contradictions of Clean: Supermarket Ethical Trade and African Horticulture

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Freidberg, Susanne
Date: 2003
Agency: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London
Series: Gatekeeper Series, no. 109
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6194
Sector: Agriculture
Region: Africa
Subject(s): food supply
Abstract: "If supermarkets are truly concerned about ethical sourcing, they will need to bear more of its costs. They also need to listen to more workers in the industries most affected by their standards. Supermarkets are unlikely to initiate such reforms by themselves, however. Non-governmental organisations and the popular media should therefore continue to investigate and highlight the ambiguous ethics of supermarket sourcing policies. The supermarkets’ intense concerns about public image may yet provide powerful leverage."

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