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Voluntary Participation in Regional Fisheries Management Council Meetings

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dc.contributor.author Brzezinski, Danielle T.
dc.contributor.author Wilson, James
dc.contributor.author Chen, Yong
dc.date.accessioned 2010-09-15T20:33:56Z
dc.date.available 2010-09-15T20:33:56Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6337
dc.description.abstract "Insufficient and unrepresentative participation in voluntary public hearings and policy discussions has been problematic since Aristotle’s time. In fisheries, research has shown that involvement is dominated by financially resourceful and extreme-opinion stakeholders and tends to advantage groups that have a lower cost of attendance. Stakeholders may exhibit only one or all of these traits but can be still similarly advantaged. The opposites of these traits tend to characterize the disadvantaged, such as the middle-ground opinions, the less wealthy or organized, and the more remote stakeholders. Remoteness or distance is the most straightforward and objective of these characteristics to measure. We analyzed the New England Fishery Management Council’s sign-in sheets for 2003–2006, estimating participants’ travel distance and associations with the groundfish, scallop, and herring industries. We also evaluated the representativeness of participation by comparing attendance to landings and permit distributions. The distance analysis showed a significant correlation between attendance levels and costs via travel distance. These results suggest a potential bias toward those stakeholders residing closer to meeting locations, possibly disadvantaging parties who are further and must incur higher costs. However, few significant differences were found between the actual fishing industry and attendee distributions, suggesting that the geographical distribution of the meeting attendees is statistically similar to that of the larger fishery. The interpretation of these results must take into consideration the limited time span of the analysis, as policy changes may have altered the industry make-up and location prior to our study. Furthermore, the limited geographical input of stakeholders may lend bias to the Council’s perception of ecological and social conditions throughout the spatial range of the fishery. These factors should be further considered in the policy-formation process in order to incorporate a broader range of stakeholder input." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject fisheries en_US
dc.subject citizen participatory management en_US
dc.title Voluntary Participation in Regional Fisheries Management Council Meetings en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country United States en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 15 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth June en_US

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