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Forest Finns vs. Swedish Commons

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Type: Book Chapter
Author: Wedin, Maud; Berge, Erling; Carlsson, Lars
Book Title: Commons: Old and New
Publisher: Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Location: Trondheim, Norway
Page(s): 59-60
Date: 2003
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/65
Sector: History
Region: Europe
Subject(s): history
common pool resources--history
Abstract: "The Savolax expansion 1400-1500; Svidden cultivation as a general; Svidden cultivation made by forest Finns; spruce forest, slash- and burn, forest rye; Svidden 'culture': Access to land more important than ownership, using large areas; Extended expansion to Scandinavia, first Sweden, later Norway and even the colony New Sweden. Also migration east and southwards (religion). Reasons for migration (push-): Civil war, war against Russia, deterioration of climate, overpopulation, taxation (noble people who were granted land as reward for instance Ruovesi and Rautalampi) (and pull) the search for new svidden areas. Two choices: change the way to support themselves or migrate. The state asked for new settlements, gave about six years of freedom from taxation."

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