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The Role of Collective Action in the Social-Ecological Resilience of Mangroves and Artisanal Fisheries on the Ecuadorian Coast

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dc.contributor.author Beitl, Christine
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-03T20:03:05Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-03T20:03:05Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6556
dc.description.abstract "The conversion of coastal mangrove wetlands for shrimp farming has threatened artisanal fisheries and the social-ecological resilience of coastal communities worldwide. This paper examines the role of collective action and common property institutional arrangements in the sustainable harvest of mangrove cockles (Anadara spp.) and the social-ecological resilience of Ecuadorian coastal communities. Since the early 1990s on the Ecuadorian coast, grassroots movements in defense of livelihoods and the environment have consolidated into new civil society organizations after decades of mangrove deforestation for the expansion of shrimp farming. To varying degrees of success, they are engaged in mangrove restoration, monitoring, and management, sometimes in collaboration with government agencies. Two kinds of collective action problems are examined: subtraction (how much is harvested) and contribution (how people differentially participate in and uphold local management regimes). Data collection strategies include: 1) observations 2) semi-structured interviews 3) mapping 4) oral case histories 5) surveys and 6) catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE). Through the unique triangulation of ethnographic, survey, and CPUE data, the explicit link between social and ecological systems is examined at two different levels to determine how collective action is reflected in broader patterns of landscape change (mangrove recovery) and differentially reflected in individual fishing effort. It is argued that at the landscape level, the mangrove concessions have great potential to promote ecological and economic sustainability through mangrove conservation and habitat restoration, and to some degree, the sustainable harvest of shellfish. However at the resource level, the fishery is still challenged by the problem of the commons, social exclusion, and overexploitation exacerbated by structural issues. By combining social-ecological resilience and collective action theories to build on common property research, this paper attempts to address theoretical and methodological gaps in the study of common property and resilience to potentially inform policies for the management and conservation of coastal resources." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.subject mangroves en_US
dc.subject social-ecological systems en_US
dc.subject resilience en_US
dc.subject artisanal fishing en_US
dc.title The Role of Collective Action in the Social-Ecological Resilience of Mangroves and Artisanal Fisheries on the Ecuadorian Coast en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Ecuador en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Capturing the Complexity of the Commons, North American Regional Meeting of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates Sep. 30-Oct. 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Arizona State University, Tempe AZ en_US

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